(Mexico City, Mexico) Statement from the Indigenous Community of San Miguel Xicalco


(Editor’s Note: This statement comes from the Indigenous community of San Miguel Xicalco, Mexico City, in the Valley of Mexico. Today in an assembly, the community officially declared its self-governance according to its uses and customs with the community assembly as the maximum authority of decision-making).

On August 5th, 2018, in San Miguel Xicalco, Delegation Tlalpan, Mexico City, the Indigenous peoples of this entity united in a community assembly and


1. That the community of San Miguel Xicalco has ancestral origins dating back to the first Nahua tribes that settled in the Valley of Mexico.

2. That San Miguel Xicalco, since its foundation, has possessed a communal territory that was defended and conserved during the Spanish invasion. That during the period of colonial control, San Miguel Xicalco obtained recognition of their communal lands from colonial authorities, and that in 1930, they obtained recognition of their communal lands from governments that came about after the Mexican revolution.

3. That the continuity in the existence of San Miguel Xicalco as an Indigenous community is the result of its capacity to historically maintain collective possession, control and administration of their territories and natural resources.

4. That the multiethnic and pluricultural composition of the Mexican nation was recognized by the Mexican state in 2001 but that this recognition does not guarantee full autonomy to the Indigenous peoples.

5. That until now, the partial constitutional fulfillment of the rights of the Indigenous peoples of the country and the ratification of Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization does not imply in practice a relationship of justice and equality between the three levels of government and the Indigenous peoples of the Valley of Mexico.

6. That for centuries the governing class has imposed on the Indigenous peoples of this zone, a politics of social and juridical injustice, of subjugation, discrimination, repression, territorial dispossession, exploitation and plunder of natural resources. And that currently the relation of injustice and subjugation is embodied in legislative processes carried out behind the backs of the Indigenous peoples and through the creation and implementation of policies which establish and decide over the territory and life of Indigenous peoples.

7. That the political constitution of Mexico City, approved on February 5th, 2017, is a neoliberal attack on the Indigenous peoples of the Valley of Mexico. It arose from a shady and deceitful process and never considered the Indigenous peoples that have collective ownership of more than 50 percent of the territory of the zone. Furthermore, the new constitution privileges private property and does damage to the rights that we have as agrarian entities and as Indigenous peoples.

8. That the policies imposed by the government of Mexico City related to urban zones and the environment condemn the people to disappearance, as they privilege urban development of the city at the cost of the appropriation and destruction of the lands and forests of our people.

9. That as the children of the people of San Miguel Xicalco, we have the legitimate right to continue existing as Indigenous peoples on our ancestral territory. We have the historical right recognized in the constitution and international treaties, to establish our own forms of social, political and economic organization, to guarantee the integrity of our territory and the integral development of our people.

For all of the above, and in the free exercise of our collective historical rights


1. San Miguel Xicalco is an Indigenous community of the Valley of Mexico and its peoples are descendants of the first inhabitants of these lands. We recognize and reclaim ourselves as Indigenous Nahua members of the Mexican nation.

2. San Miguel Xicaclo is governed by its internal normative systems and the maximum authority to resolve all types of conflicts is the community assembly of San Miguel Xicalco.

3. San Miguel Xicalco has the collective property of their ancestral territory and the right to determine its use and destiny corresponding to all of the Indigenous peoples of the population.

4. The relationships between the authorities of the three levels of government and the Indigenous peoples of San Miguel Xicalco, must be subject to what is established in article two of the political constitution of the Mexican Republic, Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization, the Declaration of the United Nations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and international conventions and treaties related to the environment and sustainable development.

5. The representation of our population between the authorities of the three levels of government and the authorities of other neighboring peoples of the Valley of Mexico and the country, determined by the community assembly, falls back on the Council of Indigenous Peoples of San Miguel Xicalco, which was elected on April 8th, 2018 and is integrated by Fabiola Amaya Ramos, Noelly García Gonzaga and Freddy Amaya García.

6. In San Miguel Xicalco the imposition of plans, policies or projects of whatever type will not be permitted, without previous consultation from the people. Furthermore, the right of consultation must be exercised through the community assembly.

7. The authorities of the three levels of government must establish a new relation with our community, a political and social agreement that recognizes and respects our character as Indigenous peoples, our territorial rights and that guarantees the integral development of our community.